This CASR Background Index covers past and
current projects undertaken by
the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces. DND / CF Projects
include the largest of procurements and the most mundane of items. CASR
makes no attempt at a comprehensive project survey. Instead, the Background
Projects pages will be created when they are germain to discussion/debate on a significant
procurement plan or provide background to DND/CF procurements already made.
Note: Projects listed
/ linked below are arranged by subject, not chronologically.
Background — DND / CF Project Articles Index
FLCS – DND's Future Land Combat
An 'omnibus' program covering all future Army systems – including armoured vehicles, artillery systems,
networking, and 'soldier systems' that are undergoing trials now or planned for 2020.
HIAV – Heavy Infantry Assault
Conspicuous in its absense in the recent vehicle announcements, whither HIAV? An HIAV is the heavy form of
armoured personnel carrier. Similar vehicles have a combat engineering application. Most, if not all HIAVs are
tank conversions. And there may lie the root of difficulty for DND.
Light Armoured Vehicle Projects – LAV III Replacement or
LAV-H – Future of the LAV III Fleet
There are rumblings about replacements
or rebuild/upgrades for LAV IIIs. LAV-H could
be either. This evolved LAV from GDLS is better protected and can handle heavier operational
weights due to increased power and a stronger suspension.
Textron Systems candidate for TAPV
Textron's Mobile Survivable Vehicle is a development of the M1117 Guardian ASV. By comparison
MSV for TAPV is higher, better protected, and turretless or, rather, to be equipped with a RWS.
Oshkosh M-ATV candidate for TAPV
Oshkosh Defence unveiled its TAPV candidate in Feb 2011. A Canadianised version of the
US military's M-ATV (or MRAP-All Terrain Vehicle), this TAPV entrant seems well-sized for the Recce component.
But as a seven-seat APC?
Force Protection Timberwolf
Team Timberwolf is offering a Cougar tailored to the CF's TAPV requirement. This Timberwolf
retains the Cougar's blast-resistant hull but with a shorter crew cab and independent
suspension. The RWS proposed has two weapons.
BAE Systems RG35 RPU for TAPV
Land Systems OMC, the South African vehicle division of BAE Systems built a 6x6 demonstrator. That concept
has been completely redesigned to tailor it to CF needs. The resulting RG35
RPU is one BAE/GDLS-C entrant for TAPV. [ See RG31 and Hägglunds Alligator.]
BAE Hägglunds Alligator for
One of three BAE Systems vehicles to be submitted for TAPV, the Hägglunds Alligator remains
enigmatic. This 6x6 is derived from Sweden's SEP series of hybrid-electric demonstrator vehicles.
Details on this conventionally-driven Alligator are sketchy but it retains the modularilty of
the SEP hybrid vehicles.
CCV – the Close Combat Vehicle
CCV would be Infantry Fighting Vehicles able to stay with the CF's Leopard 2 tank regardless of terrain.
Part of FLCS' Future Combat Vehicle Systems, CCV was put to the Government as a high priority
just as the Canadian economy joined the global meltdown. CCV's future is now unknown.
CCV – the Close Combat Vehicle Project
Due to this project's many twists and turns, the Close Combat Vehicle Project must be revisited. This Infantry
Fighting Vehicle project has never had the priority of the larger (but muddled) TAPV Project. As a result, the
CCV has stalled repeatedly and candidates (real or potential ) come and go. This is an overview of the CCV
BAE Hägglunds CV9035 Mk III CCV
The CV9035 Mk III is the CV90 variant used by Denmark and the Netherlands. CV9035 is now the only tracked
vehicle being considered for the CCV Project. Other nation's CV9035s have had local turret assembly.
It is not clear whether BAE Systems, if successful in CCV, will be offering full vehicle
assembly in Canada.
CCV Project Candidate: Nexter VBCI 25
Against all expectation, a wheeled IFV was the second official CCV candidate. Nexter submitted its 8x8
VBCI 25 – essentially the French Army's VBCI VCI. While a wheeled submission surprised many, so too did the
aluminum armour and a 1-man turret armed with a gun in the same calibre as LAV III.
CCV Project Candidate: Nexter VBCI 30
Nexter's VBCI was designed to accompany tanks much like Canada's CCV Project. IFV suggests a medium calibre gun and
Nexter has hedged its bets. The VBCI 30 has a 2- man turret armed with 30mm Bushmaster II. The
Italian turret provides better 'situational awareness' and firepower than VBCI 25.
CCV Candidate – GDLS-C Piranha 5
Piranha 5 is an enlarged and heavier armoured evolution of the CF LAV III (which also sprang from
Switzerland's Mowag). Piranha 5 for CCV is armed with a Rheinmetall Lance turret as
per erstwhile competitor, the Artec Boxer
With the winnowing of the CCV Project, several major (or expected candidates) have been withdrawl or not submitted.
The pages listed below have now been eliminated.
'IFV Close': IFV/CCV Marder Update
Refurbished ex-German Marders were initially rejected for CCV. Rheinmetall persisted
with its heavily-uparmoured Marder rebuild as IFV/CCV. In the end Rheinmetall Canada did not submit any
CCV candidate chosing instead to become a partner to erstwhile rival GDLS-Canada.
Artec Boxer (KMW & Rheinmetall)
Boxer is a very large wheeled 8x8. As an IFV, Rheinmetall-Canada offered a Lance MTS turret with 30mm
Mauser cannon. That same two-man turret is now offered on GLDS-C's Piranha 5.
Logistics Vehicle Projects – Armoured Support Vehicles
The Armoured Heavy Support Vehicle
Canada has order 86 Actros AHSVS for Afghanistan. Cargo AHSVS will replace HLVWs, there is also a tank
on order for the Leopard 2 A6M tanks.
Armoured Vehicle Projects – Armoured Patrol Vehicles
Afghan-standard LAVs – LAV III LORIT
LAV III LORIT ( LAV Operational Require- ments Integration Task ) is to combine and rationalize the many
survivability upgrades made to LAV IIIs in Afghanistan since the 2006 re-deployment to Kandahar
The Light Armoured Vehicle - Remote
The LAV-RWS Project is in the news again. The claim that these LAV TUA conversions were "rushed" into the field in
Afghanistan is a bit rich after the recent slamming that LAV-RWS Project management recently received
from the OAG's audit of this project. But the LAV-RWS are now in Kandahar - although only 18 vehicles will ever
The Armoured Patrol Vehicle Project ( APV )
to meet an Immediate Operational Requirement (IOR) for the deployment to Kandahar. Bids were
submitted for three blast-resistant candidates: KMW with their Dingo 2 , Thales Canada with the ADI Bushmaster , and GDLS - Canada with the winning RG-31 Nyala.
Light Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle Project
LARV, announced in January 2006, was described as a "mini-Coyote". LARV was meant to fill the slot
between the larger Coyote LAV-Recce and small G-wagon C&R. LARV must have been eclipsed by the
Armoured Vehicle Projects – Direct Fire Support (DFS) Vehicles
Mobile Gun System ( MGS Stryker ) Project
Canadian direct-fire support became an issue
in Panjwaii. So, what ever became of MGS or
M1128 Stryker wheeled 105mm gun ? We scratch among the ruins of a CF project.
Multi-Mission Effects Vehicle ( MMEV ) Project The
MMEV was to be a dual-purpose anti-aircraft and anti-armour system. Intended as one part of a system-of-systems
including MGS and LAV TUA, the MMEV morphed from futuristic fantasies into
a LAV with a warmed-over
ADATS turret on top.
LAV TUA ( LAV TOW-Under-Armour) Project
LAV TUA is the simplest of the three DFS projects. As an expediency, the turret from the tracked M113 TUA is being
upgraded and transfered to a LAV III hull. LdSH(RC) are field testing the wheeled TUAs.
Armoured Personnel Carrier Life Extension Project
The APCLE was an M113 APC modernization project. The goal was to produce support vehicles for a
LAV III-dominated force quickly and at comparatively little expense. Instead, costs soared and APCLE would be cut
back. But the resulting TLAVs went on to perform vital service in Afghanistan.
Mineclearing Vehicle Projects
Improved Landmine Detection System
The CF's ILDS Project combined multiple mine detection, marking and clearing systems on two
remotely-operated vehicles – M113 'Protection
Vehicles' and the 'Remote Detection
MAVS Mobile Artillery Vehicle System Project
Until the 155mm howitzers were rush-ordered for Kandahar, CF artillery was focused on improved
targeting and mobility through the MAVS project mounting the C3 on an MLVW replacement truck.
The Future Indirect Fire Systems Project
Is associated with MAVS (above) but little
has been heard of that project of late. Has
purchase of 155mm howitzers opened the possibility of a large-calibre SP again?
Future Indirect Fire Systems ( FIFS ) Project
A review of the LAV III-based 105mm self-propelled guns often put forward as alternatives to MAVS –
DND's proposed truck-based 105mm C3 howitzers.
Land Force Weapons Projects
CRR .308" Canadian Ranger Rifle
The Canadian Ranger Rifle (CRR) is a part of DND's Small Arms Replacement Project II. The goal is to replace
the 65- year old Lee-Enfield No4 MkI* with a new bolt-action rifle for the Canadian Rangers.
Company Area Suppression Weapon ( CASW ) Project CASW was the
drawn-out project to provide the CF with sight-integrated automatic grenade launchers that fire a programmable
projectile. Earlier, we reviewed candidates but DND has chosen the C16 based on the German GMG AGL. The C16 CASW
will not enter service until after the end of the Canadian combat deployment to Afghanistan.
The Arctic Offshore Patrol Ship?
With the contract award for AOPS definition came an artist's concept of the Arctic patrol ship. What
do the AOPS design changes tell us?
Joint Support Ship Project
CASR has reviewed JSS and
a number of alternatives in the past.
DND's earlier attempt to get industry to bid on this hybrid transport/AOR failed. A straight AOR ACAN was issued preferring an existing AOR design from either
Spain or Germany. Neither bid.
BMT's Aegir 26 R as new JSS AOR?
Having decided on an ACAN order for JSS AOR candidates, our Government is surprise to find that neither
potential supplier is prepared to bid. The RCN is left with one, mysterious 'domestic' offering. Almost
certainly this is from consultant BMT's Aegir AOR family. But which model?
Remote Control Heavy Machine Gun (RCHMG) Project
The RCHMG Project is intended to provide Navy frigates
and MCDVs with a close-in defence system which can be operated
under protection ( from weather and hostile fire ) unlike the current, exposed, crew-operated machineguns.
Orca YAG 300 Training Boat Replacement
As the sole new-hull Canadian Navy project since
the Kingston class MCDVs, little is
heard about the new Orca class training and patrol craft. Fitting out
is underway, sea trails to begin. Why
no publicity ?
Air Force Projects
CF-18 MTT/Advanced Distributed Combat Training System
The Air Force's CF-18 Multi-Task Trainer (MTT) simulators and Part-Task Trainers (PTTs) make up the
CF-18 Advanced Distributed Combat Training System (ADCTS) which allows the networked training of CF-18 pilots
in separated locations.
Snowbird Replacement Project
The on-again, off-again Snowbird Aircraft Replacement Project – or SARP is reviewed. Update on
the Swiss Hawk unsolicited proposal.
SARP (and Training Aircraft) Specs
A quick technical summary of aircraft mentioned in relation to SARP – the
CT-114, CT-155, CT-156,
Fixed-Wing Search and Rescue
FWSAR, the on-again/off-again project to replace six remaining CC-115 Buffalos
and remove SAR from the list of basic CC-130 Hercules duties. There are two candidates.
CF UAV Projects
CF UAV ( Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle ) Project
The CF's UAV Project falls into both Army and Air Force bailiwicks – the tactical UAV,
Sperwer changed hands in mid-stream. See separate index.